American Society of Civil Engineers

Coupled Environmental-Mechanical Damage Model of RC Structures

by Anna Saetta, (Res., Dept. of Constr., IUAV, Venice, 30135 Italy), Roberto Scotta, (Dept. of Constr. and Transp., Univ. of Padova, Padua, 35131 Italy), and Renato Vitaliani, (Prof., Dept. of Constr. and Transp., Univ. of Padova, Padua, 35131 Italy)

Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 125, No. 8, August 1999, pp. 930-940, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: The evaluation of strength reduction of RC structures subjected to mechanical damage process and chemical attack is carried out, with regard to concrete deterioration and steel corrosion. A coupled environmental-mechanical damage model, developed as an extension of that previously published is presented. Two independent scalar mechanical damage parameters are introduced, each of them representing the degradation mechanisms occurring under tensile and compressive stress conditions. The stiffness recovery upon loading reversal, which is manifest when passing from tension into compression, is fully captured by the proposed model. The environmental damage is strongly related to the diffusion process, as well as to the evolution of the chemical reaction between pollutant and cementitious constituents. An enhanced local method is proposed to regularize the problem of nonobjectivity of the finite-element solution due to the strong strain softening behavior of concrete material. The splitting test of a concrete specimen and a static analysis of an RC frame subjected to mechanical loads and chemical attacks are carried out, and the damage evolution is analyzed in detail.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Finite element method
Reinforced concrete
Structural analysis