American Society of Civil Engineers

Laterally Excited Flexible Tanks with Nonuniform Density Liquid

by Yu Tang, M.ASCE, (Struct. Engr., Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439)

Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 122, No. 10, October 1996, pp. 948-956, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: A study of the dynamic responses of flexible tanks containing nonuniform liquid under horizontal base excitations is presented. The system considered is an upright, circular cylindrical tank filled with an incompressible and inviscid liquid in which the density increases with the liquid depth. Only the impulsive components of response are considered in this study since the convective components can be computed by considering the tank to be rigid. It is shown in this study that for tanks with height-to-radius ratios between 0.3 and 1.2, the response quantities may be estimated utilizing the rigid tank solutions. Also, it is found that the pressure distribution along the tank wall is not sensitive to the detailed distribution function of the liquid density, and that the base shear and moments for the tank with nonuniform liquid can be estimated conservatively by assuming that the tank is filled with an equivalent uniform liquid density that preserves the total liquid weight. Finally, a simple equation for evaluating the fundamental natural frequency of the system is proposed.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Fluid-structure interactions
Storage tanks