American Society of Civil Engineers

Stochastic Analysis of a Single-Degree-of-Freedom Nonlinear Experimental Moored System using an Independent-Flow-Field Model

by H. Lin, A.M.ASCE, (Res. Assoc., Civ., Constr. and Envir. Engrg. Dept., Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331) and S. C. S. Yim, M.ASCE, (Prof., Civ., Constr. and Envir. Engrg. Dept., Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR 97331)

Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 130, No. 2, February 2004, pp. 161-169, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: Stochastic characteristics of the surge response of a nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom moored structure subjected to random wave excitations are examined in this paper. Sources of nonlinearity of the system include a complex geometric configuration and wave-induced quadratic drag. A Morison-type model with an independent-flow-field formulation and a three-term-polynomial approximation of the nonlinear restoring force is employed for its proven excellent prediction capability for the experimental results investigated. Wave excitations considered in this study include nearly periodic waves, which take into account the presence of tank noise, noisy periodic waves that have predominant periodic components with designed additive random perturbations, and narrow-band random waves. A unified wave excitation model is used to describe all the wave conditions. A modulating factor governing the degree of randomness in the wave excitations is introduced. The corresponding Fokker.Planck formulation is applied and numerically solved for the response probability density functions (PDFs). Experimental results and simulations are compared in detail via the PDFs in phase space. The PDFs portray coexisting multiple response attractors and indicate their relative strengths, and experimental response behaviors, including transitions and interactions, are accordingly interpreted from the ensemble perspective. Using time-averaged probability density functions as an invariant measure, probability distributions of large excursions in experimental and simulated responses to various random wave excitations are demonstrated and compared. Asymptotic long-term behaviors of the experimental responses are then inferred.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Data analysis
Nonlinear systems
Probability density functions
Stochastic processes
Structural analysis
Wave forces