Scope
This chapter includes a brief summary of the scope of the document....

The Hail Problem
Unlike some other forms of precipitation, hail comes in bursts of short duration, falls over isolated and unpredictable locations, and usually occupies only a small percentage of the total...

Hail Concepts
Hail, the product of vigorous deep convection, requires those same conditions that are conducive to the development of thunderstorms. These conditions include water vapor, especially in...

The Design of Hail Suppression Operations
When hail suppression operations are being considered, it is already understood that hail damage is a significant problem in an area in which the political subdivision, organization, or...

Conduct of Operational Hail Suppression Projects
Those conducting hail suppression operations should be vigilant and always prepared to react when potential hailstorms begin to develop. In this chapter, some guidance is provided for...

Evaluation of Hail Suppression Efforts
The rationale for conducting project evaluations is to find out how successful the operations are in achieving the desired results. This assessment is more easily said than done. It is...

Glossary of Terms and Acronyms
This chapter includes a glossary of subject terms....

References
This chapter includes a list of references....

Conversion of Units
This chapter includes tables for conversion between imperial and metric units of measurement....

Findings From a Joint Industry Study on Foundation Fixity of Jackup Units
During the design storm conditions the soil supporting jack-up unit footings may be close to, or at plastic failure. Accordingly, the use of elastic solutions to the problems of foundation...

Review of Climate Science for Engineering Practice
Weather and climate are a factor in civil engineering design and practice. Weather is defined as the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure,...

Introduction
The purpose of this white paper is to: foster understanding and transparency of analytical methods necessary to update and describe climate, including possible changes in the frequency...

Civil Engineering Sectors
This section reviews the challenges for engineering practice posed by climate variability for the following traditional infrastructure sectors and special themes....

Incorporating Climate Science into Engineering Practice
This section provides a review of engineering practices and discusses how engineers canconsider climate change in their practice, given the uncertainty of the future....

Notes on Heavy Lift Design
The interrelated activities and responsibilities of the various organizations involved in the lift design and offshore installation of topside facilities for an offshore platform are discussed....

Extreme Wave-Force Calculation Procedure for 20th Edition of API RP-2A
The paper describes the revised guideline design wave force calculation procedure approved for the 20th edition of the API-RP2A WSD and the first edition of the API-RP2A LRFD and contrasts...

Appendix A Lake Superior Regulation: Addressing Uncertainty in Upper Great Lakes Water Levels
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains Lake Superior regulation: addressing uncertainty in upper great lakes water levels....

Appendix B Exploring Flood Nonstationarity in the Southeast and Mid-Atlantic Regions of the United States
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains exploring flood nonstationarity in the southeast and mid-atlantic regions of the united...

Appendix C U.S. Department of Transportation Gulf Coast Study, Phase 2
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains U.S. Department of Transportation gulf coast study, phase 2...

Research, Development, and Demonstration Needs
Research, development and demonstration (RDD) is needed to advance recommended civil engineering practices and standards in order to effectively address climate change impacts. Wilbanks...

 

 

 

 

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