Hail Concepts
Hail, the product of vigorous deep convection, requires those same conditions that are conducive to the development of thunderstorms. These conditions include water vapor, especially in...

The Design of Hail Suppression Operations
When hail suppression operations are being considered, it is already understood that hail damage is a significant problem in an area in which the political subdivision, organization, or...

Conduct of Operational Hail Suppression Projects
Those conducting hail suppression operations should be vigilant and always prepared to react when potential hailstorms begin to develop. In this chapter, some guidance is provided for...

Evaluation of Hail Suppression Efforts
The rationale for conducting project evaluations is to find out how successful the operations are in achieving the desired results. This assessment is more easily said than done. It is...

Glossary of Terms and Acronyms
This chapter includes a glossary of subject terms....

References
This chapter includes a list of references....

Conversion of Units
This chapter includes tables for conversion between imperial and metric units of measurement....

Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations
Civil engineers have responsibilities for the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of physical infrastructures. These infrastructures include all types of buildings,...

Review of Climate Science for Engineering Practice
Weather and climate are a factor in civil engineering design and practice. Weather is defined as the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure,...

Introduction
The purpose of this white paper is to: foster understanding and transparency of analytical methods necessary to update and describe climate, including possible changes in the frequency...

Appendix A Lake Superior Regulation: Addressing Uncertainty in Upper Great Lakes Water Levels
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains Lake Superior regulation: addressing uncertainty in upper great lakes water levels....

Appendix B: Design and Performance Summary Tables
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains design and performance summary tables....

Civil Engineering Sectors
This section reviews the challenges for engineering practice posed by climate variability for the following traditional infrastructure sectors and special themes....

Research, Development, and Demonstration Needs
Research, development and demonstration (RDD) is needed to advance recommended civil engineering practices and standards in order to effectively address climate change impacts. Wilbanks...

Appendix B Exploring Flood Nonstationarity in the Southeast and Mid-Atlantic Regions of the United States
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains exploring flood nonstationarity in the southeast and mid-atlantic regions of the united...

Appendix A: Common Concerns Regarding Permeable Pavements Fact Sheet
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains common concerns regarding permeable pavements fact sheet....

Appendix D: Acronyms and Glossary
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains glossary....

Appendix C: Guidelines for Existing Towers
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains guidelines for existing towers....

Appendix C: Standards, Specifications, Testing Methods, Resources, and References
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains standards, specifications, testing methods, resources, and references....

Appendix C U.S. Department of Transportation Gulf Coast Study, Phase 2
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work. This back matter contains U.S. Department of Transportation gulf coast study, phase 2...

 

 

 

 

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