Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations

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J. Rolf Olsen, (editor), Senior Lead for Climate, Institute for Water Resources, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), 7701 Telegraph Road, Alexandria, VA 22315,,

Abstract: Civil engineers have responsibilities for the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of physical infrastructures. These infrastructures include all types of buildings, communication facilities, energy generation and distribution facilities, industrial facilities, transportation networks, water resource facilities and urban water systems. They are expected to remain functional, durable and safe for long service lives, typically 50 to more than 100 years.They are exposed to, and potentially vulnerable to, the effects and extremes of climate and weather such as droughts, floods, heat waves, high winds, storm surges, wildfire and accumulated ice and snow. Engineering practices and standards are intended to provide acceptably low risks of failures in functionality, durability and safety over the service lives of infrastructure systems and facilities.

Subject Headings: Industrial facilities | Infrastructure | Water resources | Water shortage | Water supply systems | Municipal water | Safety | Infrastructure construction |


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