Berm Breakwaters—Design, Construction and Monitoring

by Sigurdur Einarsson, Icelandic Maritime Administration, Vesturvör 2, 200 Kopavogur, Iceland,
Sigurdur Sigurdarson, Icelandic Maritime Administration, Vesturvör 2, 200 Kopavogur, Iceland,
Gisli Viggosson, Icelandic Maritime Administration, Vesturvör 2, 200 Kopavogur, Iceland,
Omar B. Smarason, Stapi Ltd. Consulting Geologist, Armula 19, 108 Reykjavik, Iceland,
Julius Arnorsson, AVCE, Fellsmula 26, 108 Reykjavik, Iceland,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Breakwaters '99: First International Symposium on Monitoring of Breakwaters

Abstract: The philosophy of the fieldwork of Berm breakwaters was applied in Iceland. A few case histories were described with emphasis on quarry investigations, design, construction and monitoring. The aim of the design of a berm breakwater was to construct a berm with high wave energy absorption, to minimize wave reflection from the trunk and especially from the breakwater head for navigational reasons and to minimize wave overtopping during its live time.

Subject Headings: Construction management | Berms | Breakwaters | Wave overtopping | Wave reflection | Sustainable development | Navigation (geomatic) | Case studies | Iceland | Europe

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