Concrete Arch Culvert Behavior-Phase 2by Raymond Eugene Davis, Sr. Bridge Engr.; California Div. of Highways, Bridge Dept., Sacramento, CA,
Alfred E. Bacher, Sr. Bridge Engr.; California Div. of Highways, Bridge Dept., Sacramento, CA,
Serial Information: Journal of the Structural Division, 1972, Vol. 98, Issue 11, Pg. 2329-2350
Document Type: Journal Paper
An arch culvert, under a 240-ft. (73-m) embankment, was tested to assess influence on structural behavior of four methods of backfilling, including Method A, employing well-compacted structure backfill; imperfect trenches with various inclusions; and straw surrounding the barrel. At the time of fill completion, stresses due to footing rotations were not great under Method A backfill, but increased appreciably at some stations 2 years after fill completion. Where baled straw surrounded the barrel, severe stresses were indicated due to footing rotations at the time of fill completion—footing rotations and stresses decreased in the 2-yr period following fill completion. In general, good foundation conditions prevented large stresses due to footing differential displacements.
Subject Headings: Culverts | Arches | Material properties | Concrete | Fills | Rotation | Backfills | Footings | Structural behavior | Trenches
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