Assessing Impact of Urban Transportation

by David E. Boyce, Assoc. Prof. of Regional Sci. and Transp.; Regional Sci. Dept., Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1972, Vol. 98, Issue 3, Pg. 645-662

Document Type: Journal Paper


Research studies on the impact of the Philadelphia-Lindenwold Rapid Transit Line, now in progress, are described. Principles and objectives of these impact studies are analyzed as a guide to future studies. The role of this research as a prototype study for larger impact studies is examined together with questions of model building, statistical hypothesis testing and data availability. Following a brief description of the High-Speed Line itself, two areas of research are described as illustrations of the principles and objectives of impact study research design. The first concerns a simple model of transit station choice and its empirical testing. The second describes several studies of land value and land use impact. The paper concludes with a review of the research designs in terms of the principles of such impact studies.

Subject Headings: Urban areas | Rapid transit systems | Transportation management | Statistics | Field tests | Impact tests | Empirical equations | Land use

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