Communications Substitutes for Intra-Urban Travel

by Richard C. Harkness, Urban Systems Planning Engr.; The Boeing Co., Seattle, WA,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1972, Vol. 98, Issue 3, Pg. 585-598

Document Type: Journal Paper


Advanced forms of telecommunications may affect urban development patterns and urban travel demands by substituting for interoffice business trips, thereby encouraging a dispersal of future office employment expected to occur in central business districts. Commonly accepted forecasts of extensive CBD employment growth create the need for high capacity, radially oriented, rapid transit systems and should this growth not occur, such systems could be economic liabilities. This possibility plus potential reductions in work travel suggest the need for further study of this unexplored area. A model is suggested to investigate the likely impact of better communications on office location behavior and is related to what little research now exists on substitution and office location theory.

Subject Headings: Rapid transit systems | Travel patterns | Employment | Communication systems | Travel demand | Business districts | Forecasting | Radiation

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