Does Congestion Management Improve Public Transit?by Ladi Biezus, Logos Engenharia S.A., R Libero Badaro 377, 01009-000 São Paulo (SP), Brazil,
Antonio João Oliveira Rocha, Logos Engenharia S.A., R Libero Badaro 377, 01009-000 São Paulo (SP), Brazil,
Abstract: Traffic congestion, one of the main urban problems of Sao Paulo, is quantified thru the monitoring of the congestion queue lengths (CQL). Due to the growth of peak CQL in recent years, City's authorities enforced traffic restriction policies, e. g. the prohibition of circulation of each auto during one working day per week. The restriction, called Rodizio, is controlled by the last digit of the car plate. Experience developed since 1995 demonstrates the effectiveness of the Rodizio, alleviating the congestion and improving the speeds of bus transit. These positive outcomes will be soon offset by the growth of the numbers of cars in circulation. This conclusion shows that the City needs to adopt more stringent policies, including congestion pricing. The revenues derived from these policies should be invested in the most important public transit projects.
Subject Headings: Public transportation | Traffic congestion | Automobiles | Public policy | Urban areas | Plates | Buses | Sao Paulo | Brazil | South America
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