Restoration Design for Urban Streams: Anacostia River Basin, Marylandby Meg Burns,
Abstract: Several stream restoration projects have been undertaken by the Army Corps of Engineers in the Maryland portion of the Anacostia River basin. Measures used include bank stabilization, stream reconfiguration, instream habitat structures, and reforestation. Several barriers to fish passage have been modified to permit passage of shad and herring. The engineering design of environmental restoration projects presents many challenges: among these are the lack of explicit design guidance, and the organizational bathers between engineering and environmental personnel. Engineering guidance for design of environmental modifications is often not readily available. The methods used in the design of these projects will be discussed in this paper. One of the major lessons learned on these studies was the importance of having both a hydraulic engineer and an environmental representative on the design team from the beginning of the project. Hydraulic constraints often limit the restoration options available, and need to be identified early in the design process.
Subject Headings: Ecological restoration | Rivers and streams | Hydraulic design | Basins | Urban areas | Sustainable development | River bank stabilization | Federal government | North America | Maryland | United States
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