Flash Floods and Their Control in the Indian Arid Zone

by K. D. Sharma,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: North American Water and Environment Congress & Destructive Water

Abstract: Flash floods are common hydrologic phenomena in the arid north west India. Drainage basins of high relief, a large percentage of surficial bed rock, sparse vegetation, and shallow soils are susceptible to flash flooding when cyclonic storms and monsoon depressions produce intense and localized rainfall. Favorable antecedent moisture condition and breaches in the earthen dams worsen the flood situation. Since 1917 there have been 15 flash floods of moderate to severe intensity in the Luni Basin (34,866 km²) located within the Indian arid zone.

Subject Headings: Flash floods | Arid lands | Hydrology | Bedrock | Drainage basins | Developing countries | Retention basins | India | Asia

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