Glacier-Generated Floods and Debris Flowsby Andrew G. Fountain,
Joseph S. Walder,
Abstract: Sudden release of glacially impounded water causes catastrophic floods, known as outburst floods, and ocasionally spawn debris flows that pose significant hazards in mountainous areas. Commonly, the peak flow of an outburst flood may substantially exceed local conventional benchmarks, such as the 100-year flood peak. This paper will summarize current knowledge of the physical processes involved in outburst floods, as well as methods of predicting peak discharge. Examples will be drawn from our experience in the western United States.
Subject Headings: Floods | Debris | Solids flow | Water flow | Water storage | Mountains | North America | United States
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