A Framework for Sanitation and Health Risk Assessment

by Charles G. Gunnerson, (F.ASCE),

Abstract: This paper summarizes some historical, cultural, and operational responses to risk. Zero risk and zero pollution ideas developed as arguably escapist reactions to stresses of economic, political, and environmental development. In the water sector, sanitation and health are linked by individual and corporate responses to infections that come from contact with polluted water. This paper proceeds from the American experience to its applicability in other countries and cultures in transferring information and technology in an increasingly interdependent and transparent world.

Subject Headings: Risk management | Water pollution | Economic factors | Political factors | Environmental issues | Diseases

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