Pipe Network Analysis and Design in Developing Regions. Case Study: Novokuznetsk, Siberiaby Dan Gessler,
Abstract: Pipe network analysis, design and optimization in developing countries poses some unique problems, yet, is of paramount importance. Under these conditions, there is frequently only sparse information about the diameter and condition of the pipes in the ground as needed for computer modeling. A reliable model of the system however, is extremely helpful when designing additions or improvements to the network. In the paper, suggestions are made on how best to model an existing pipe network when only limited information about the existing system is available. Consideration must be given to sociological differences between developing regions and the west. Project managers in a developing region may be skeptical of the applicability of western technology to their problems. Market forces which have shaped the way western engineers approach a problem may not be present or are newly emerging in some developing regions. A convergence of understanding, however, will lead to successful projects as defined perhaps by a new standard. A case study is presented in which the WADISO SA software package was used to model and suggest improvements for the water distribution system of the major industrial city of Novokuznetsk, Russia. The Russian economy is currently experiencing hyper inflation. This must be taken into consideration when designing system improvements which are to be financed.
Subject Headings: Case studies | Pipelines | Network analysis | Computer models | Model analysis | Information management | Water supply systems | Developing countries | Siberia | Russia
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