Recent Applications of Acoustic Doppler Current Profilersby K. A. Oberg, U.S. Geological Survey, Urbana, United States,
David S. Mueller, (M.ASCE), U.S. Geological Survey, Urbana, United States,
Abstract: A Broadband acoustic Doppler current profiler (BB-ADCP) is a new instrument being used by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to measure stream discharge and velocities, and bathymetry. During the 1993 Mississippi River flood, more than 160 high-flow BB-ADCP measurements were made by the USGS at eight locations between Quincy and Cairo, Ill., from July 19 to August 20, 1993. A maximum discharge of 31,400 m3/s was measured at St. Louis, Mo., on August 2, 1993. A BB-ADCP also has been used to measure leakage through three control structures near Chicago, Ill. These measurements are unusual in that the average velocity for the measured section was as low as 0.03 m/s. BB-ADCP's are also used in support of studies of scour at bridges. During the recent Mississippi River flood, BB-ADCP's were used to measure water velocities and bathymetry upstream from, next to, and downstream from bridge piers at several bridges over the Mississippi River. Bathymetry data were collected by merging location data from Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, laser tracking systems, and depths measured by the BB-ADCP. These techniques for collecting bathymetry data were used for documenting the channel formation downstream from the Miller City levee break and scour near two bridges on the Mississippi River.
Subject Headings: Rivers and streams | Global positioning systems | Fluid velocity | Acoustic techniques | Bathymetry | Doppler systems | Water discharge measurement | Data collection | Flow measurement | Bridges | Mississippi River | North America | Africa | Egypt | Illinois | United States | Chicago | Cairo
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