Public Involvement and Participation: Planning Imperatives for the Coming Century

by Evan Vlachos, Colorado State Univ, Fort Collins, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Policy and Management: Solving the Problems


The literature has identified three types of responses to natural resources planning and management efforts in the United States. The first focused upon the more effective use of existing institutions, as a variety of organizations (such as the Army Corps of Engineers) began to make a more constructive use of public hearings. The second response was enactment of new legislation which made it mandatory that the views of the public be actively sought, and in many cases rules and procedures for this purpose were set out. Finally, a third response was the undertaking of research and experiments to discover improved means of obtaining inputs from the public (such as notably the Army Corps of Engineers, the Forest Service, the Transportation Department and many others).

Subject Headings: Public participation | Federal government | Business organizations | Public transportation | Forests | Natural resources | Laws | Legislation | United States

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