Role of Constructed Wetlands in Water Resources Managementby Christie Moon Crother, Eastern Municipal Water District, San Jacinto, United States,
John S. Crossman, Eastern Municipal Water District, San Jacinto, United States,
P. Ravishanker, Eastern Municipal Water District, San Jacinto, United States,
Abstract: Eastern Municipal Water District (EMWD) and the US Bureau of Reclamation (USBR), in consultation with other government agencies, the academic community, and environmental groups, are involved in a cooperative effort to evaluate and expand the use of reclaimed water. An important component of EMWD's reclaimed water program involves the use of multipurpose wetlands to address water resource issues. Wetlands for wastewater treatment have received nationwide interest as communities attempt to solve their water and wastewater problems. EMWD is building and expanding on that experience by utilizing and evaluating wetlands to remove nutrients from secondary treated wastewater, treat nitrate contaminated groundwater, recharge groundwater basins, concentrate desalination unit brines, and treat stormwater runoff. By incorporating constructed wetlands into its overall water resources management program, EMWD is also gaining greater public acceptance of its reclaimed water program while enhancing other public benefits such as open space, recreation, education, and wildlife resources.
Subject Headings: Water reclamation | Water resources | Municipal water | Wetlands (fresh water) | Resource management | Wastewater treatment | Groundwater pollution
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