Groundwater Management and Systems Operations Optimization Utilizing Supply, Well Reliability, and Demand Distribution as Decision-Making Criteriaby Kathlie Suyn Jeng, City of Houston, Houston, United States,
Jerry Rogers, City of Houston, Houston, United States,
Abstract: Houston, Texas has a water supply system comprised of both ground and surface water sources serving a population of 2.2 million people through 5,000 miles of water lines and 357,000 water connections covering some 580 square miles. The city and the water system have grown over the past forty years through annexation of Municipal Utility Districts (MUD's), political subdivisions of the State of Texas created in order to provide water (and sewer) service within defined geographic areas of the State. As the City of Houston annexed these MUD's, it also took over the responsibility for the operation and maintenance of each individual water system. Today the City of Houston operates two surface water treatment plants, 186 groundwater wells, and 96 water pump stations throughout its corporate limits. Management plan and operational strategy is discussed.
Subject Headings: Groundwater management | Groundwater supply | System reliability | Municipal water | Decision making | Wells (water) | Urban areas | Pumping stations | Water treatment plants | North America | Texas | United States | Houston (Texas)
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