Groundwater Management and Systems Operations Optimization Utilizing Supply, Well Reliability, and Demand Distribution as Decision-Making Criteria

by Kathlie Suyn Jeng, City of Houston, Houston, United States,
Jerry Rogers, City of Houston, Houston, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Policy and Management: Solving the Problems


Houston, Texas has a water supply system comprised of both ground and surface water sources serving a population of 2.2 million people through 5,000 miles of water lines and 357,000 water connections covering some 580 square miles. The city and the water system have grown over the past forty years through annexation of Municipal Utility Districts (MUD's), political subdivisions of the State of Texas created in order to provide water (and sewer) service within defined geographic areas of the State. As the City of Houston annexed these MUD's, it also took over the responsibility for the operation and maintenance of each individual water system. Today the City of Houston operates two surface water treatment plants, 186 groundwater wells, and 96 water pump stations throughout its corporate limits. Management plan and operational strategy is discussed.

Subject Headings: Groundwater management | Urban areas | Water treatment plants | Pumping stations | Groundwater supply | Wells (water) | System reliability | Decision making | Texas | United States

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