Integration of Water Resource Models and GIS for Water Resource Managementby Roger T. Kilgore, (M.ASCE), GKY and Associates, Inc, Springfield, United States,
Joseph S. Krolak, GKY and Associates, Inc, Springfield, United States,
Michael Walsh, (M.ASCE), GKY and Associates, Inc, Springfield, United States,
Abstract: As increasing demands are placed on water resources because of population growth and the resulting development, finding increasingly effective tools for management of natural resources becomes more important. Models of physical systems, ecosystems, economics, and risk can be integrated with geographic information systems (GIS) using a variety of different strategies. One strategy of particular interest is to combine the benefits of models and GIS in an integrated computer environment targeted for decision makers. These tools are called spatial decision support systems (SDSS). More advanced planning and preliminary development of a DSS for the New York City water supply system suggests that development of these 'new' integrated tools is really quite evolutionary in nature rather than revolutionary. It also illustrates the difficulties in creating generic DSS and SDSS that are applicable to situations other than those for which they are designed.
Subject Headings: Water resources | Geographic information systems | Resource management | Hydrologic models | Information systems | Water supply systems | Decision support systems | Ecosystems | North America | United States | New York | New York City
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