Experimental Measurements of Dynamic Loads Imposed by Moving Crowds

by A. Ebrahimpour, (A.M.ASCE), Pennsylvania State Univ, Media, United States,
R. L. Sack, (F.ASCE), Pennsylvania State Univ, Media, United States,
W. N. Patten, (A.M.ASCE), Pennsylvania State Univ, Media, United States,
A. Hamam, (S.M.ASCE), Pennsylvania State Univ, Media, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Structures Congress XII

Abstract:

Dynamic forces generated by moving occupants were measured using an instrumented forces platform. Experiments were conducted for several sets of loads due to individuals and groups of two and four people. A linear regression model is used to statistically characterize the footstep load-time history. Group loads are randomly simulated by using the experimental parameters affecting individual footsteps an coherency among the people in a group.



Subject Headings: Live loads | Moving loads | Regression analysis | Linear analysis | Load history | Parameters (statistics) | Structural response | History

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