Composite Walls as Shear Elements in Tall Structures

by Howard Wright, Univ of Strathclyde, Strathclyde, United Kingdom,
Anwar Hossain, Univ of Strathclyde, Strathclyde, United Kingdom,
Stewart Gallocher, Univ of Strathclyde, Strathclyde, United Kingdom,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Structures Congress XII

Abstract:

This paper describes a system of composite walling that can be used as a lateral load resisting system in tall structures. The composite walling comprises two skins of profiled steel sheeting with an infill of concrete. The steel sheeting acts as a permanent form obviating the need for temporary shuttering and false work and acts as reinforcement once the concrete has hardened. In tall buildings the in-plane loads are transmitted via the structural floors and frame to the walls. The behaviour of the wall under in-plane loading is, therefore, important for the analysis of building sway. Analytical models for the shear stiffness of the composite wall are presented and compared with the finite element analysis.



Subject Headings: Shear walls | Steel structures | Structural analysis | Concrete structures | Steel frames | Reinforced concrete | Concrete frames | Finite element method

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