Selection and use of Pipeline Leak Detection Methods for Liability Management into the 21st Centuryby Brian N. Carlson, W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc, Milpitas, United States,
Abstract: Pipeline leak detection systems have been in use for many years on all types of pipelines with various products being transported. Pipeline owners and operators are subject to stringent federal and state operational safety regulations. Additionally, the pipeline industry is receiving increased pressure from environmentalist organizations to design, install and operate 'environmentally friendly' pipelines. In short, environmental monitoring in the pipeline industry covers a broad spectrum of activities typically covered under the terminology of liability management. Design engineers, installation contractors and pipeline operators are familiar with many types of monitoring systems. Several leak detection methods can be utilized for pipeline monitoring depending upon the degree of sensitivity, system resolution, accuracy requirements and economic factors. A method for analysis and selection of appropriate monitoring technology on various pipeline installations will be presented. Many options are available to the pipeline design team including flow metering, pressure analysis, direct contact sensors and visual or IR monitors.
Subject Headings: Pipe leakage | Pressure pipes | Industries | Environmental issues | Pipeline design | Liability
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