A Numerical Model for Learning Concepts of Streamflow Simulation

by L. L. DeLong, U.S. Geological Survey, Stennis Space Centre, United States,

Abstract: Numerical models are useful for demonstrating principles of open-channel flow. Such models can allow experimentation with cause-and-effect relations, testing concepts of physics and numerical techniques. Four PT is a numerical model written primarily as a teaching supplement for a course in one-dimensional stream-flow modeling. Four PT options particularly useful in training include selection of governing equations, boundary-value perturbation, and user-programmable constraint equations. The model can simulate non-trivial concepts such as flow in complex interconnected channel networks, meandering channels with variable effective flow lengths, hydraulic structures defined by unique three-parameter relations, and density-driven flow.The model is coded in FORTRAN 77, and data encapsulation is used extensively to simplify maintenance and modification and to enhance the use of Four PT modules by other programs and programmers.

Subject Headings: Numerical models | Flow simulation | Open channel flow | Hydraulic models | Streamflow | Unsteady flow | Data processing | Simulation models

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