Rheometry of Natural Sediment Slurriesby Jon J. Major, U.S. Geological Survey, Vancouver, United States,
Abstract: Recent experimental analyses of natural sediment slurries yield diverse results yet exhibit broad commonality of rheological responses under a range of conditions and shear rates. Results show that the relation between shear stress and shear rate is primarily nonlinear, that the relation can display marked hysteresis, that minimum shear stress can occur following yield, that physical properties of slurries are extremely sensitive to sediment concentration, and the concept of slurry yield strength is still debated. New rheometric analyses have probed viscoelastic behavior of sediment slurries. Results show that slurries composed of particles ≤ 125 μ m exhibit viscoelastic responses, and that shear stresses are relaxed over a range of time scales rather than by a single response time.
Subject Headings: Shear stress | Slurries | Shear strength | Viscoelasticity | Sediment transport | Hysteresis
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