A Model for Vertical Transport at a Sheared Density Interfaceby Greg Sullivan, Contra Costa Water District, Concord, United States,
E. John List, Contra Costa Water District, Concord, United States,
Abstract: A physically based model for vertical mixing and transport at a sheared density interface is presented, based on high-resolution measurements from laboratory experiments. It is found that two distinct processes control the exchange of fluid across the interface: sporadically occurring interfacial instabilities mix fluid locally in the interfacial region, generating intermediate density fluid; large-scale eddies transport premixed fluid from the interfacial region into adjacent turbulent layers. In the model, three regimes are delineated based on the dominant mixing mechanism active at the interface, leading to three different relations for entrainment.
Subject Headings: Mathematical models | Fluid flow | Turbulent flow | Laminar flow | Streamflow | Eddy (fluid dynamics) | Entrainment
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