Reducing the Potential Downstream Impacts of a Dam Failureby Peter W. Soltys, Water Resources, Cincinnati, United States,
Abstract: The dam safety regulations imposed by the individual states in the United States vary widely and provide inconsistent protection for the citizens of different states. The proximity of dams to inhabited areas, insufficient government dam safety regulations, and lax enforcement of existing regulations can result in a hazardous situation, especially if sufficient measures are not in place to provide a warning of impending dam failure. This paper reviews the various safety measures available to dam owners to reduce the impacts of a dam failure on downstream areas including Emergency Action Plans, dam inspections, and remote monitoring systems.
Subject Headings: Dam failures | Failure analysis | Rivers and streams | Dam safety | Flow measurement | Standards and codes | Emergency management | Disaster warning systems | North America | United States
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