Canada's Atlantic Coastal Action Program: A Community-Based Approach to Coastal Managementby W. Wayne Barchard, Environment Canada, Dartmouth, Canada,
Lawrence P. Hildebrand, Environment Canada, Dartmouth, Canada,
Abstract: ACAP is unique in the degree of stakeholder participation it employs. Whereas many CZM programs are government-centred and provide only for public advice or consultation, ACAP is founded on the principle of co-management, or consensus-based decision making. The authors believe that community-based, participatory planning and management is an effective means of ensuring integrated and sustainable coastal management and that it will become an increasingly important way of doing business. This paper explores the evolution of coastal management in Canada which has resulted in the ACAP approach and then concentrates on the aspects of the program which set it at the forefront of co-management in the Canadian coastal zone.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Sustainable development | Consulting services | Ecosystems | Decision making | Government | North America | Canada
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