Evolution and Dynamics of the Chilka Lake

by B. Hema Malini, Andra Univ, Visakhapatnam, India,
K. Srinivasa Rao, Andra Univ, Visakhapatnam, India,
K. Nageswara Rao, Andra Univ, Visakhapatnam, India,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: The Management of Coastal Lagoons and Enclosed Bays

Abstract: The Chilka Lake, the largest coastal lagoon in Asia, has occupied a possible tectonic depression along the east coast of India. Although the open sea coast was along the western margin of the Lake, presumably during the maximum Holocene transgression, the Lake took its origin much later by the growth of spits that have separated the lagoon from the sea. The Lake at present is facing a wide-spread siltation from inland streams and pollution by industrial/agricultural wastes which are leading to the degradation of its environment.

Subject Headings: Lakes | Agricultural wastes | Water pollution | Lagoons | Seas and oceans | Silt | Spits (landform) | Asia | India

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