The Azov-Black Sea Coast of Russia—An Experience of Artificial Beach Formationby V. G. Kirillov, Scientific Industrial Association, for coast protection, Krasnodarberegozashchita&Prim, Krasnodar, Russia,
G. I. Ivashkov, Scientific Industrial Association, for coast protection, Krasnodarberegozashchita&Prim, Krasnodar, Russia,
V. M. Peshkov, Scientific Industrial Association, for coast protection, Krasnodarberegozashchita&Prim, Krasnodar, Russia,
Abstract: There is a tendency in modern cost protective engineering to expand the scales of artificial beach formation. The first sandy beach was filled in 1971 in Gelendzhik Bay. In 1982 wide scale works aimed at restoration of Georgian beaches have begun and by 1990 over 80 km of coast have been protected. In Russia, artificial beaches have been filled since 1989 along the coasts of the Black Sea and Sea of Azo. As a means of coast protection, artificial beaches have certain advantages over the traditional structures (sea walls, spurs, underwater breakwaters, etc.), namely : (a) they are relatively simple and construction technology can easily be changed; (b) total cost of protection of 1 linear meter of coast is twice as low if compared with reinforced concrete structure; (c) artificial beach formation favors active sediment balance, i.e the main reason of coast erosion is eliminated; (d) along with coast-protective effect, artificial beaches improve the coastal environment.
Subject Headings: Coastal protection structures | Beaches | Seas and oceans | Coastal management | Underwater structures | Concrete structures | Russia | Black Sea
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