Artificial Gravel Beaches in the Coastal Protectionby V. M. Peshkov, Scientific Industrial Association, for coast protection, Krasnodarbergozashchita&Prime, Russia,
Abstract: Gravel beaches on the Caucasian Black Sea coast are intensively eroded mainly because of man meddling in natural course of coastal processes (sediment withdrawal from beaches and river beds, adjustment of river runoff, construction of port jetties and local systems of coastal protection etc.) That results in intensification of coast and bottom abrasion and destruction of buildings and communications. To withstand this occurrence different kinds of concrete erections such as sea walls, groynes, submerged breakwaters, concrete block fills were used for a long time. Such a method did not favor the solution of this problem but only complicated it. Since 1981 artificial gravel beaches, as the most effective and inexpensive method of coastal protection, are being used more widely on the Caucasian Black Sea Coast.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Beaches | Gravels | Coastal processes | Erosion | River and stream beds | Seas and oceans | Concrete blocks | Black Sea
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