Simulation of Beach Fill Response to Multiple Storms, Ocean City, Maryland

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by Randall A. Wise, Coastal Engineering Research Cent, Vicksburg, United States,
Nicholas C. Kraus, Coastal Engineering Research Cent, Vicksburg, United States,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Beach Nourishment Engineering and Management Considerations:

Abstract: The beach fill project constructed over 1988-1991 at Ocean City, Maryland, includes nearshore wave and water-level measurements and high-accuracy beach profile sea-sled surveys performed periodically and after storms. The data unprecedented in coverage and accuracy for assessing short-term and long-term beach fill performance. In particular, the data set contains the hydrodynamic forcing, and response of the fill to three major storms that occurred from October 30, 1991, to January 4, 1992. These storms had different surge, duration, and wave characteristics, and included one storm that produced extensive dune overwash. In this paper the data for the three storms and profile response are summarized together with successful simulations of beach profile response to both the individual storms and to the cumulative effect of the storm series. As part of this work, an algorithm to simulate overwash was developed for the storm-induced beach erosion model SBEACH.

Subject Headings: Ocean engineering | Storms | Fills | Beach profiles | Wave measurement | Hydrologic models | Beaches | Urban areas | Water level | Water waves | Storm surges | North America | Maryland | United States

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