Smoke Plumes From In Situ Burning of Oil Spills

by David D. Evans, Natl Inst of Standards and, Technology, Gaithersburg, United States,
William D. Walton, Natl Inst of Standards and, Technology, Gaithersburg, United States,
Howard R. Baum, Natl Inst of Standards and, Technology, Gaithersburg, United States,
Ronald G. Rehm, Natl Inst of Standards and, Technology, Gaithersburg, United States,
Edward J. Tennyson, Natl Inst of Standards and, Technology, Gaithersburg, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Coastal Zone '93

Abstract: Mesoscale pool fire experiments with effective diameters up to 17.2 m were conducted to obtain data on the characteristics of burning crude oil on water. These experiments showed that the burning rate of large Louisiana crude oil pool fires in terms of the surface regression rate was 0.055 ± 0.01 mm/s. These fires emitted approximately 13 percent of the fuel burned as smoke particulate. Unvalidated calculations of the smoke plume trajectory and smoke particulate settling showed that the smoke deposition from in situ burning of oil spills may occur over 100 km from the source but only in a narrow band and at low concentrations.

Subject Headings: Smoke | Hazardous materials spills | Plumes | Field tests | Fires | Thermal pollution | Water pollution | Water management | North America | Louisiana | United States

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