Institutional Cosiderations for the Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Belizeby Lucia M. Fanning,
G. Winston Miller,
Abstract: The ultimate goal of Belize's integrated coastal zone management plan is the achievement of the sustainable and diversified utilization of the coastal complex while preserving critical habitats, the natural resource base and the biodiversity of the area. Given the complexities associated with the integrated management of coastal resources, the provision of an institutional environment that facilities the successful implementation of such a plan for Belize must be based on an understanding of: (i) existing institutional strengths and weaknesses; (ii) appropriate institutional arrangements and linkages essential for the implementation of the plan; (iii) appropriate legislative requirements necessary to formulate and implement the plan; (iv) workable techniques necessary to ensure public participation in the planning and implementation processes; and (v) the ability of the physical and biological resource system to absorb impacts due to development. By addressing these issues and establishing the responsible government structure relevant to the successful implementation of its integrated coastal zone management plan, Belize has the potential to manage the unique and sprawing ecosystem of its barrier reef complex in a manner compatible with the goals and expectations of its people.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Developing countries | Resource management | Ecosystems | Coastal processes | Public buildings | Biological processes | Natural resources | Belize | Central America
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