The National Flood Insurance Program and Coastal Hazardsby A. Todd Davison, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, United States,
Abstract: The year 1993 marks the 25th anniversary of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). This milestone offers an excellent opportunity to assess and discuss the relative effectiveness of the NFIP in identifying coastal flood hazards and reducing coastal flood damage, as well as damage caused by wind and erosion hazards. With a burgeoning coastal population in the U.S. (Culliton et al., 1990), it is anticipated that the NFIP will become increasingly involved in initiatives to reduce coastal hazards. Thus, the 25th anniversary also offers an opportunity to evaluate possible changes to the NFIP in light of scientific and technological advancements, changing societal consciousness, political impetus, and a quarter century of program experience.
Subject Headings: Floods | Coastal environment | Coastal management | Insurance | Geohazards | Damage (structural) | Environmental issues
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