Guidelines for Digital Environmental Sensitivity Index Mapsby Jeffrey A. Dahlin, Research Planning Inc, Columbia, United States,
Jacqueline Michel, Research Planning Inc, Columbia, United States,
Robert Pavia, Research Planning Inc, Columbia, United States,
Miles O. Hayes, Research Planning Inc, Columbia, United States,
Abstract: New national and international requirements for oil spill planning and response capabilities include identification and mapping of fish and wildlife resources and oil-sensitive habitats. Many disparate approaches for oil spill sensitivity maps were developed in the 1980's, mostly to generate paper maps which never have been updated. With the development of powerful yet low-cost Geographic Information System (GIS) software, organizations are exploring how to apply this technology to generate, display, and update maps of environmentally sensitive areas for spill planning and response applications. This paper outlines guidelines being proposed for spill response organizations for development of a consistent approach for digital environmental sensitivity maps and databases. Adopting a coordinated and consistent approach is the most effective means to ensure that information needed to protect natural resources is available to spill responders and other resources managers.
Subject Headings: Mapping | Hazardous materials spills | Environmental issues | Information systems | Geographic information systems | Resource management | Business organizations
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