State Implementation and Enforcement of the Alaska Coastal Management Programby Glenn A. Seaman, Alaska Dep of Fish and Game, Anchorage, United States,
Abstract: Section 306 the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1992 required participating states to develop a means to implement and enforce their coastal programs. The Alaska Coastal Management Act, which forms the backbone of the Alaska Coastal Management Program, established a networked program that required state agencies and local governments to administer their regulations and controls in conformity with the state coastal program. Until 1984, the Alaska Coastal Management Program lacked a clear implementation process and state agencies independently conducted consistency reviews. A state consistency review process was completed in 1984 which established a coordination agency; provided specific review timeliness; established specific roles for applicants, coastal districts, and agencies; and resulted in the development of a state conclusive consistency determination. Alaska relies on existing state authorities to enforce consistency requirements. This paper describes the institutional structure of the Alaska Coastal Management Program, the state agency implementation and enforcement mechanisms, and discusses some of the key aspects of these implementation and enforcement mechanisms.
Subject Headings: Coastal management | Aging (material) | Coastal processes | Structural engineering | Coastal environment | Local government | North America | Alaska | United States
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