Fisheries Management Integrated System for a Sustainable Development Policyby Sergio R. P. Annibal, Univ Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Wilson J. E. Costa, Univ Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Silvio C. dos Anjos, Univ Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Paulo C. Hargreaves-Costa, Univ Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,
Abstract: Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems great diversity are affected by many types of environmental impacts, originated by old economic development concepts. It is necessary a integrated multidisciplinary management. Who will plan and coordinate this management form? Problems due to social-political factors - as insufficient economic resources and qualified staff - do not identify federal, state, and municipal responsibilities. Also, there is no follow up of government projects, neither data exchange between official agencies in charge of environmental management, specially in the aquatic sector. The human impacts on continental, coastal, and oceanic environments affects directly the fishery resources basis for industry and other related activities. Fisheries management can be seen as a descriptive model, for the understanding environmental management. Marine living resources should be managed on scientific basis, reproduced on a sustainable standards. During UNCED'92, the importance of descriptive modeling for a Fisheries Management Integrated System (FMIS) was emphasized. This FMIS aims to establish harmonic relations between aquatic bio-production and different sectors of production systems and processes, to reduce economic costs and increase environmental benefits. Planning process is an important part for a general sustained development policy.
Subject Headings: Fish management | Economic factors | Aquatic habitats | Sustainable development | Integrated systems | Social factors
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