Coastal Erosion and Protection in Chinaby Mianxu Qu, First Inst of Oceanography, China,
Yiping Liu, First Inst of Oceanography, China,
Dongxing Xia, First Inst of Oceanography, China,
Abstract: The recent coastal erosion in China was becoming increasingly remarkable in the late fifties and had taken a turn for the worse in the late seventies. At present there exist about 70 per cent sandy coasts and most of the open silty mud coasts having undergone the erosion. In this context the artificial sand excavation and the decrease in river load are the basic reasons account for the occurrence. With the ceaseless aggravation of coastal erosion, it has jeopardized with many respects such as farmland and cottages along the coast, highway traffic, coastal engineering and structures, and the tourist resources, and brought about direct or indirect economic losses more and more, thereby it has aroused grave concern of many institutions of scientific research as well as government departments. In the light of foreign experiences in preventing and harnessing the similar coastal erosion and combined with the actual condition of our country, it will be imperative for us to put forward feasible measures in respect of law, administrations, engineering and education in order to stop or to reduce the coastal erosion to the utmost extent, namely, to reduce its size and rate of such erosion as most as possible.
Subject Headings: Erosion | Excavation | Engineering education | Highway engineering | Sand (hydraulic) | Load factors | China | Asia
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