Petroleum Imports and Coastal Zone Managementby Cheryl J. Trench, Petroleum Industry Research, Foundation, Inc., New York City, United States,
Abstract: With its growing net petroleum import position, the U.S. must accept continued dependence on tankers plying its coastal areas. Tankers also carry product exports, of course, a critical component in balancing supply and demand efficiently, and tankers and tank barges distribute oil along the coasts. Vessel owners have responded to oil spill legislation such as the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, however, with increased emphasis on safety, maintenance and spill prevention, thus reducing both the likelihood of a spill and its potential impact. This paper will review the data and trends in petroleum imports and coastwise transport.
Subject Headings: Hazardous materials spills | Petroleum | Coastal environment | Coastal management | Water pollution | Storage tanks | Barges
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