Selection of Optimal Best Management Practices (BMP's)

by Thomas R. Sear,
Ronald L. Wycoff,

Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: Water Management in the '90s: A Time for Innovation

Abstract: The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) urban storm water program requires municipalities to remove non-point source (NPS) pollution to the 'maximum extent practicable', which implies that the selection of best management practices (BMP's ) should include a recognition of fiscal constraints. A design technique is presented that allows facility designers to select the most appropriate combination of BMP's: and, minimize cost for fixed pollutant removal goals, or maximize pollutant removal for a fixed monetary budget. This optimization technique is based on the application of production theory, which requires the development of production functions and cost functions for each candidate BMP.

Subject Headings: Best Management Practice | Pollutants | Water discharge | Water pollution | Nonpoint pollution | Municipal water | Building design

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