Bringing People, Policies, and Computers to the Water (Bargaining) Tableby Richard E. Punnett,
James M. Stiles,
Abstract: Droughts have been defined terms of hydrometeorological terms; however, a Water Control Manager realizes that droughts are also a function of demands. During the drought of 1988, water users in the Kanawha River, West Virginia, became painfully aware of conflicting uses that have developed since the 1970's. Under the National Drought Preparedness Study, the Kanawha River Basin Study was conducted to resolve drought-related issues. A numerical model of the river basin was developed to evaluate the effects of different management scenarios on lake and river uses. The model was developed using STELLA, an object-oriented programming language. The model was used to aid in discussions among private industries, public interest groups, State agencies, and the Corps of Engineers. Since the model was graphically user-friendly, discussions of water management options were greatly enhanced among people of non-engineering backgrounds. This paper focused on the process - including modeling - of resolving drought conflicts.
Subject Headings: Hydrologic models | Numerical models | Droughts | Rivers and streams | Water resources | Computing in civil engineering | Water quality | Water table | Water policy | Mathematical models | West Virginia
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