ATW System Impact on High-Level Wasteby E. D. Arthur, Los Alamos Natl Lab, Los Alamos, United States,
Abstract: Criteria are developed for transmutation system impact on HLW storage that are related to intrusion and long-term risk reduction. Thermal reactor, fast reactor, and accelerator-driven, intense thermal neutron systems (characteristics of the Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) concept are analyzed in the context of this criteria. From this analysis, accelerator-driven intense thermal neutron systems appear uniquely suited for simultaneously achieving rapid transuranic actinide reductions and as well as having capabilities for transmuting a large fractions of long-lived fission products in high-level nuclear waste (HLW).
Subject Headings: Thermal analysis | Waste storage | Radioactive wastes | Risk management | Thermal properties | Waste treatment | Energy storage
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