Systems Integration and Economic Aspects of the Universal Container Systemby N. Barrie McLeod, E. R. Johnson Associates, Inc, Fairfax, United States,
David C. Jones, E. R. Johnson Associates, Inc, Fairfax, United States,
Robert F. Williams, E. R. Johnson Associates, Inc, Fairfax, United States,
Abstract: Universal containers (UC) are multi-assembly spent fuel containers that are loaded and sealed at reactor sites or the first DOE facility. They are thereafter handled as clean containers without reopening and are ultimately emplaced horizontally as self-shielded containers in the drifts of a repository. The use of universal containers has a number of advantages over the current system including reduced handlings of individual fuel assemblies and simplified waste facilities and operations at storage and disposal facilities. Life cycle costs are similar within the DOE portion of the system, but net total system savings can be realized because of savings in the utility portion of the system. These savings result from reduction in at-reactor storage and shutdown reactor costs, and such savings increase with increased delays in the startup of DOE facilities for accepting spent nuclear fuel.
Subject Headings: Waste storage | Fuels | Energy storage | Storage facilities | Nuclear power | Economic factors | Radioactive wastes | Load factors
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