Disposal of Defense Spent Fuel and HLW from the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant

by L. F. Ermold, Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co, Inc, Idaho Falls, United States,
H. H. Loo, Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co, Inc, Idaho Falls, United States,
R. D. Klingler, Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co, Inc, Idaho Falls, United States,
J. D. Herzog, Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co, Inc, Idaho Falls, United States,
D. A. Knecht, Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co, Inc, Idaho Falls, United States,



Document Type: Proceeding Paper

Part of: High Level Radioactive Waste Management 1993

Abstract: Acidic high-level radioactive waste (HLW) resulting from fuel reprocessing at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) for the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) has been solidified to a calcine since 1963 and stored in stainless steel bins enclosed by concrete vaults. Several different types of unprocessed irradiated DOE-owned fuels are also in storage at the ICPP. In April, 1992, DOE announced that spent fuel would no longer be reprocessed to recover enriched uranium and called for a shutdown of the reprocessing facilities at the ICPP. A new Spent Fuel and HLW Technology Development program was subsequently initiated to develop technologies for immobilizing ICPP spent fuels and HLW for disposal, in accordance with the Nuclear Waste Policy Act. The Program elements include Systems Analysis, Graphite Fuel Disposal, Other spent Fuel Disposal, Sodium-Bearing Liquid Waste Processing, Calcine Immobilization, and Metal Recycle/Waste Minimization. This paper presents an overview of the ICPP radioactive wastes and current spent fuels, with an emphasis on the description of HLW and spent fuels requiring repository disposal.

Subject Headings: Fuels | Chemical processes | Nuclear power | Chemical wastes | Waste disposal | Radioactive wastes | Industrial wastes | System analysis | Idaho | North America | United States

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