A Multi-Purpose Unit Concept to Integrate Storage, Transportation, and the Engineered Barrier Systemby William R. Hollaway, Civilian Radioactive Waste, Management System, Vienna, United States,
Robert Rozier, Civilian Radioactive Waste, Management System, Vienna, United States,
Donald A. Nitti, Civilian Radioactive Waste, Management System, Vienna, United States,
Jeffrey R. Williams, Civilian Radioactive Waste, Management System, Vienna, United States,
Abstract: The Multi-Purpose Unit (MPU) is a new concept for standardizing and integrating the waste management functions of spent fuel storage, transportation, and geologic disposal. The MPU concept would use one unit, composed of a relatively thick-walled inner canister with a multi-purpose overpack, to meet the requirements for storage in 10 CFR 72, transportation in 10 CFR 71, and the engineered barrier system in 10 CFR 60. The MPU concept differs from the recently proposed Multi-Purpose Canister (MPC) concept in that the MPU concept uses a single multi-purpose overpack for storage, transportation, and geological disposal, while the MPC concept uses separate and unique overpacks for each of these system functions. A design concept for the MPU is presented along with an estimate of unit costs. An initial evaluation of overall system cost showed that the MPU concept could be economically competitive with the current reference system. The MPU concept provides the potential for significant reduction, simplification, and standardization of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (CRWMS) facilities and operations, including those at the utilities, during waste acceptance and transportation, and the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility and the repository. The primary issues for the MPU concept relate to uncertainties with respect to licensing, and the programmatic risks associated with implementing the MPU concept before the repository design is finalized. The strong potential exhibited by the MPU concept demonstrates that this option merits additional development and should be considered in the next phase of work on multi-purpose concepts for the CRWMS.
Subject Headings: Waste storage | Radioactive wastes | Waste disposal | Energy storage | Geology | Nuclear power | Fuels
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