Regulatory Issues for WIPP Long-Term Compliance with EPA 40 CFR 191B and 268by D. R. Anderson, Sandia Natl Lab, Albuquerque, United States,
M. G. Marietta, Sandia Natl Lab, Albuquerque, United States,
P. J. Higgins, Jr., Sandia Natl Lab, Albuquerque, United States,
Abstract: Before disposing of transuranic radioactive waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the United States Department of Energy (DOE) must evaluate compliance with long-term regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), specifically the Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes (40 CFR 191), and the Land Disposal Restrictions (40 CFR 268) of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is conducting iterative performance assessments (PAs) of the WIPP for the DOE to provide interim guidance while preparing for final compliance evaluations. This paper provides background information on the regulations, describes the SNL WIPP PA Department's approach to developing a defensible technical basis for consistent compliance evaluations, and summarizes the major observations and conclusions drawn from the 1991 and 1992 PAs.
Subject Headings: Radioactive wastes | Waste disposal | Solid wastes | Fuels | Nuclear power | Environmental Protection Agency | Environmental issues
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