Route Selection Issues for NWPA Shipmentsby Charles V. Hill, Science Applications Int Corp, Oak Ridge, United States,
I. G. Harrison, Science Applications Int Corp, Oak Ridge, United States,
Abstract: Questions surrounding the designation of routes for the movement of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) by the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) have broad implications. Federal regulations prescribe rules to be applied in the selection of highway routes. In most cases, these rules will lead to a clear selection of one route between an origin and destination point. However, in other cases, strict application of the regulations does not result in a clear choice of a preferred route. The regulations also provide discretion to State governments and carriers to select alternative routes to enhance the safety of the shipment. Railroad shipments of radioactive materials are not subject to Federal routing regulations. Since the railroads operate on private property, it has been assumed that they know the best way to move freight on their system. This discretion, while desirable for addressing unique local safety concerns or for responding to temporary safety concerns such as road problems, weather conditions, or construction areas, leads to significant opportunity for misunderstanding and uneasiness on the part of local residents.
Subject Headings: Fuels | Rail transportation | Radioactive wastes | Traffic safety | Nuclear power | Federal government | Occupational safety | Waste management
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