Recent Developments in Seismic Isolation Technologyby James M. Kelly, Univ of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, United States,
Abstract: Large experimental research projects for isolators for both civil structures and nuclear reactor applications have been conducted at the Earthquake Engineering Research Center (EERC) over the past few years. These programs have involved shake table testing and the testing of full-scale and model elastomeric isolators. A wide variety of isolators have been tested, including low shape factor, moderate shape factor, and very high shape factor elastomeric bearings. The test results show that properly designed and manufactured isolators can sustain levels of loading beyond any possible seismic input and demonstrate that failure of an isolation system will not occur before failure of the isolated structure. Thus, the use of isolation can only have beneficial contributions to the protection of buildings with critical non-structural components and equipment, such as data centers and hospitals.
Subject Headings: Base isolation | Seismic tests | Seismic loads | Failure analysis | Earthquake resistant structures | Load tests | Model tests | Shake table tests
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