Policy Options and Highway Capacity Needsby Patrick DeCorla-Souza, FHWA, Washington, United States,
Harry Caldwell, FHWA, Washington, United States,
Abstract: One of the recurring criticisms levelled against FHWA's Report to Congress on the Status of the Nation's Highways is that the Report does not go far enough in examining the implications of policy choices on future urban highway investment needs. This paper describes a procedure to assess the impacts at the national level of a broad range of policy choices - including highway supply management such as implementing intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems (IVHS), and travel demand reduction policies such as travel demand management (TDM), land use/urban design, and congestion pricing. The paper demonstrates the procedure using representative examples of each of the above types of policies. Impacts on travel demand in the Year 2015, and consequent impacts on capital investment requirements for new urban highway capacity are estimated for large urban areas.
Subject Headings: Intelligent transportation systems | Travel demand | Urban areas | Highway and road design | Highways and roads
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